In 1996, the Federal Government imported from Canada a Model Forest concept. It was the "know how" on ways of planning and management of forest ecosystems from the association of those living in the woods, to improve the quality of life through sustainable practices. One of the greatest insights of the concept was to promote a performance "network" of forests, articulated at a regional, national, and international level.

The National Model Forest Program was under the aegis of the Directorate of Forests which depends, in turn, on the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, and aimed to promote innovative methods and technologies in environmental management.
In their study, the AGN discovered that the actions generated in the forests, such as diagnostics, training workshops, agricultural management plans, and water supply, were not "sufficiently coordinated by the National Program" adding that different areas that received the project "did not have a specific budget, technical personnel, nor sufficient infrastructure to perform the assigned duties."
The Federal Watchdog inspected four model forests between 2002 and 2005. The Futaleufu, located in the Province of Chubut with 738,000 hectares; the Formoseño, with 800 hectares; Jujuy, with 130 thousand, and northern Neuquén, which spans four million hectares. Among the weaknesses found, the AGN highlighted the lack of indicators to evaluate the performance of model forests, and a clear timetable for joint activities.

"The state did not implement the necessary measures to strengthen and consolidate the National Model Forest Program measures," concludes the Audit, and urged the authorities to "put the draft within a general plan of national or regional forest sector". In this sense, the Forest Act, which was claimed by environmental agencies, was approved in November 2007. The measure, in addition to establishing a moratorium of one year to the indiscriminate deforestation poses establishing ecological criteria and conservation categories aimed at forestry planning through a zoning involving indigenous and peasant communities to avoid fragmentation and degradation of native forests.