Project to Integrate Small Producers into the Wine Production Chain (PROVIAR) "far exceeded most of its targets," concluded the General Audit Office (AGN, for its acronym in Spanish) in its report adopted in September 2015 that assessed the management of the Ministry of Agriculture Livestock and Fisheries in that matter.
Among the goals that justify this high level of efficacy are "the creation of 199 associative groups and the integration of approximately 2,700 small producers". The work of the Audit highlights on the one hand "qualitative benefits on the wine chain that took the proposal and the possibility to share the successful experience". On the other, "the importance of a 10 year contract beyond being a formal tool for the creation of partnership structures gives sustainability to the processes of integration."
Indoors, the project has critical or primary processes that make it up: Admission of Associative Group of Small Producers (GAPP) that are created and strengthened by the work of Technical Assistants (TA) through the development and implementation of Integrated Business Plans (PIN).
In this regard, the AGN said "the results of the formation and operation of GAPPs and the further development of the PINs, which realizes a high level of integration of small producers that cannot be measured even in productivity per hectare and current gross unit per hectare because the goals were set for 2017".
Between the '70s and '90s there were changes in the wine sector which led to the reduction of the cultivated "by focusing on marketing income at the expense of the productive stage" area, which generated a "drop in consumption by the low turnout in the domestic market."
In this context, in 2009, our country obtained a loan from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) to meet the costs of implementing the PROVIAR, as part of the Wine Plan 2020, to "give greater competitiveness and sustainability for small producers trying to reverse the systematic disappearance".
This project was evaluated by the AGN between March 2009 and July 2014, covering the provinces of Catamarca, Córdoba, La Rioja, Tucumán, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan and Mendoza, the latter having the largest number of vineyards and wine surface.
The Federal Government contributed US $25 million while the IDB disbursed U$S 50 million. On the public credit, the Audit understood that "it is a quality debt because the investment was to solve a serious problem, both sectoral and regional".
However, the Watchdog said that "it may be an overestimation of the effectiveness of PROVIAR" because it worked with a population of between 8000 and 8500 small producers and not between 10 and 11 thousand as shown in the initial report. Therefore, the effectiveness achieved by the project in relation to the situation of origin, is overestimated because it reached 41% calculated on the 8 thousand, but would drop to 33% to take in relation to 10,000.
Although the report is complimentary, the AGN also made some reprimands.
On the one hand, "it failed to meet the goals of leaders and technicians trained and the Guilds Projects Financed" because degrees of implementation of 42% and 45% respectively were achieved. On the other hand, "the project implementation was disproportionate in relation to the jurisdictions planned."
To this observation they added that, "technical assistance showed qualitative constraints already missing in the formation of professionals from the social and human sciences in the interdisciplinary teams." Furthermore, quantitative limitations were detected because "insufficient ATs supervisors hindered the work on farms".
The AGN on the scope of the PROVIAR said it "is not fully functioning, in reporting Monitoring and Evaluation Project Integrated Management System (IMS)." In fact, the GIS was implemented two years into the plan and does not contain, for example, financial information".
Finally, regarding the opening data, the website of the program "is not updated nor does it provide the operating regulations for proper transparency and disclosure around the content."